Youtube, I’m sending you another “full album”.

The following parameters will use “still_image.png” and merge it with “audio.wav” into the video “audio_and_image-output.mp4”:

$ ffmpeg -loop 1 -framerate 2 -i still_image.png -i audio.wav \
  -c:v libx264 -preset medium -tune stillimage -crf 18 -c:a aac \
  -ab 320k -strict -2 -shortest -pix_fmt yuv420p audio_and_image-output.mp4


  • “-loop 1”, infinite loop of the image.
  • “-framerate 2”, just two FPS (some players may complain and you might need to go higher).
  • “-c:v libx264”, convert video to x264.
  • “-preset medium”, use the “Medium” preset of x264.
  • “-tune stillimage”, tune the process for a still image.
  • “-crf 18”, value for Constant Rate Factor.
  • “-c:a aac”, convert audio to AAC.
  • “-ab 320k”, use 320Kbps audio.
  • “-strict -2”, to allow some of the non standard things we are doing here.
  • “-shortest”, finish encoding when the shortest input stream ends.
  • “-pix_fmt yuv420p”, use YUV planar color space with 4:2:0 chroma subsampling (needed by some older players)

The input audio was a 24/44 WAV and the input PNG had 1080p resolution. These parameters created a video that complied with Youtube’s best practices and was uploaded to that service. Tune the parameters to match your needs.

That’s it!

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